Research from the National Institute for Transportation and Communities shows that infrastructure, specifically bike lanes, encourages people to ride bikes, as they feel the bike lanes made them "safer and more predictable". (Vox)
Bike lanes or cycle tracks
The National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) defines “cycle track” as an “exclusive bike facility that combines the user experience of a separated path with the on-street infrastructure of a conventional bike lane”. (NATCO)
The study "Lessons from the Green Lanes: Evaluating Protected Bike Lanes in the U.S." was conducted in eight protected bike lanes in Austin, Chicago, Portland, San Francisco, and Washington, DC and the major findings were that bike lanes induced new bikers, mostly because they feel safer about the experience.
The researchers interviewed 2,283 cyclists using the bike lanes and found out that nearly ten percent of the users would have taken another mode of transportation if the bike lane hadn't existed and around one percent of the interviewed said they would not have taken the trip at all. (NATCO)
Change in Ridership
Before the new facility was built, how was your trip done?
References: - Joseph Stromberg, "Study: protected bike lanes really do increase biking", vox.com, June 5 2014, http://www.vox.com/2014/6/5/5782472/study-bike-lanes-really-do-increase-biking - National Institute for Transportation and Communities, "Lessons from the Green Lanes: Evaluating Protected Bike Lanes in the U.S", July 2014, http://ppms.trec.pdx.edu/media/project_files/NITC-RR-583_ProtectedLanes_FinalReportb.pdf - Table references: National Institute for Transportation and Communities, ibid